The very Jaded Jedi’s social media detox.

This started as a very quick scratchpad style note to myself. It wasn’t written with the intention of being a blog post. It was more of a diary of how I’m feeling and why I’m trying to reduce the intrusive social media interactions that I find particularly unhelpful at present.
I don’t feel depressed, just pretty exhausted and over-stretched both physically and emotionally. A flurry of are you ok messages and requests for updates mean I’ll post this periodically but I can do that at arms length. I actually quite enjoy blogging/writing which is subtly different to my current relationship with other social media.

I found myself in quite a low place yesterday (Sunday) which although not unheard of (we all have bad days) is pretty unusual. I usually manage to operate within a moderately stable and positive band of mood. However, for around 5 months I’ve been dealing with an undiagnosed bacterial infection which was only recently identified and treated with a moderately hefty course of antibiotics. That wasn’t a pleasant illness and the treatment was pretty rough, albeit, you know it’s doing you good.

In the physical low that brought on, I picked up a chest infection which I’m only just clearing and I am still dealing with the post-viral fatigue that comes with that. Add to that significant work pressures, rushing up and down the M4 to arrange/attend social events and split time between Wiltshire and London and I hit a physical and emotional low.

Recognising this, I need to do less (at least at the moment). I also realised I was doing very little for my own enjoyment and too much that provided the admin, space and organisation for others. Whilst that’s fine in its place, (I enjoy some of it), it shouldn’t leave you struggling to identify what you want to do/enjoy with your time.

Finally, I felt that so much of the social media ‘stuff’ we respond to is Pavlovian rubbish. I’m beginning to feel I’m responding to digital input notifications and servicing profiles semi-automatically and at the expense of most other things. A quick scan through the lists shows a few interesting posts or activity of family/friends I would otherwise miss, but most of Facebook is fluff.
Other sites are even less constructive – so time to take a break and step back. See what I’ve forgotten or overlooked in the real world. Hopefully, I can find an equilibrium in which social media can play a constructive part, but not in its present form.

Day 1: (Sunday)
Having explained to my other half, a couple of close friends and then wider via (ironically) a Facebook post, I step back from Facebook for a while. The duration is yet to be determined and what I want from the exercise is still forming – but a different balance is probably the best way to describe it.

Day 2: (Monday)
I’ve left the app’s on my phone and laptop, but repositioned the icons that launch them to make them less ever-present. I’ve also switched off notifications from Facebook and disabled a couple of other profiles for the time being. Vaughan tells me I should guard against isolating behaviour – he’s correct.  However, I’m not convinced that a significant number of the interactions are anything more than the equivalent of working in a social call centre. Lot’s of conversation, but not much interaction and strangely still a solitary activitiy. If that’s not isolation, I’m not sure what it is. So – scale back and diversify.

I’ve switched off most notifications and desktop alerts and although I am free to dip into the book now or at any point, those will now be of my choosing rather than prompted to respond to cyber friends – the modern version of keeping up with the Jones’s

As a result, my phone is certainly quieter. Yet, I still find myself habitually picking up the phone to look at – well nothing. I realise quite how often all of us revert to the quick check of the newsfeed to see what’s going on. I have looked at Facebook twice today and will try to limit today to no more than the same again.
A subtle difference is that I’m not posting or responding to posts, I’m just scanning the headline notifications and seeing the type and nature of the post. Is it relevant, meaningful or interesting or just ‘Sammy J bought brocolli’ .. so far a huge amount of the latter.
I’m struck by how hard it is to switch off completely. Would it be better to simply delete the app? At the moment I’m content to be an observer. I’ve noticed there is already more time and space – I’m not quite sure what I want to fill it with and I do feel rather disconnected – but the question is disconnected from what?

Day 3: (Tuesday)
I’ve been struck by the absence of social media – my phone is now pretty much just that, a phone.  I have helpful apps (camera, finances, news and office) but demoted the others and have only ‘checked’ Facebook briefly in the evening and at lunchtime today. I can’t say I’ve missed the habitual viewing and updating. A couple of days of ‘me time’ has been very helpful and Taz has benefitted from the extra walks I’m sure. I’ve identified a couple of books I’ve been wanting to read and have started one in some of the former screen time.
I’ve also found I’ve enjoyed the blog update. It’s cathartic in its own right and is useful to document the detoxing social media experiment. I know three of my friends have/are considering the same (thank you for the messages by the way) – it’s helping me find an appropriate use of social media. I suppose it might be useful to one of them too, in which case it’s worth the transparency.

So, for those who expressed an interest – doing ok thank you and happily running in low profile social media mode for the rest of the month (at least). Until the next periodic update.

Too late for MacColl’s New England?

Depending on your preferred categorisation, as an early member of Generation X, one of Thatcher’s children or an eighties victim, it’s hardly surprising I remember Kirsty MacColl. In a decade that undoubtedly had the best music, I remember her cover of New England being a stand out moment of 1985. It was bittersweet yet somehow full of promise and optimism, at a time both were in short supply.

Salyut_7

Salyut 7 Space Station

As a life long fan of space science (not to mention science fiction), another story I remember from that year was the little reported Russian rescue mission to save Salyut 7.
Having lasted in orbit longer than Skylab (which had fallen to earth dramatically in 1979), the station began to look very dated, particularly compared to the growing successes of the US Space Shuttle. When the Salyut station began failing to respond to ground commands in 1985 threatening to become uncontrolled, a mission to restore control and avoid an uncontrolled re-entry into the atmosphere began.
Of course, the Russians weren’t the only nation to suffer the embarrassment of losing control of their space kit. The United States Skylab station suffered a decaying orbit and crash landed over Nullabor and the eastern goldfields of Western Australia in 1979. Indeed many in Western Australia have material from the remains of Skylab today.

 

In an act of poetic symmetry, I was reminded of both Skylab and Kirsty MacColl last night with the brief sighting of a ‘shooting star’ (a meteor) burning a short but mesmerising trail in the night sky.

“I saw two shooting stars last night, I wished on them but they were only satellites. It’s rude to wish on space hardware, I wish, I wish, I wish you cared”
[Kirsty MacColl – New England 1985 (Billy Bragg)]

There are countless meteoroids ranging in size from a grain of sand to roughly a meter in diameter with millions of impacts with the earth’s atmosphere daily. Most are materials from asteroids or comets with some being collision impact debris from bodies such as the moon or Mars. As the item approaches the atmosphere as a meteoroid it becomes visible as a meteor and if it makes to the surface could be recovered as a meteorite.

heavenlyplace

Tiangong-1 Spacecraft

Of course, there are significantly bigger objects. One such saw China join the United States and Russia have their space hardware return to earth.
The Tiangong-1 space station (Chinese for heavenly place) had been tumbling in a decaying and uncontrolled orbit for some time. It is thought China began losing control of the 85 tonne station in 2016.

 

At midnight on 2nd April 2018 just to the north-west of Tahiti, the Chinese craft landed in a part of the South Pacific ocean now known as ‘spacecraft cemetery’. There are over 110 crashed satellites, booster rockets and similar components (including the Russian Mia space station) in this preferred crash zone for returning space debris.  Quite how the people of Tahiti and French Polynesia feel about being on the glide path for returning objects of this type is unclear, not that I can find any record of anyone asking them.

Cassini

An artist’s impression of the Cassini spacecraft entering Saturn’s atmosphere.

Technically, there are alternatives to dropping tons of metal back into the oceans. On September 15th 2017, mission control for the Cassini spacecraft made precise adjustments to the satellite’s orbit of Saturn. They declared end of mission at 4.55am (pdt) after committing the craft to a gradual entry into the planet’s atmosphere ensuring it was completely destroyed and nothing would make it to the planet surface.
In that case, the concern was that no material would inadvertently transfer organisms from Earth to Saturn, a process which appears to have been completely successful.
So, if this type of precision disposal is possible, why don’t we take the same approach on earth preventing the potentially harmful and uncontrolled return of debris?

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Early mapping of low level orbit objects

There are many reasons for this ranging from the lack of a legal requirement to do so through to the nature of the atmospheres. However, the most surprising reason is due to the fear of the risk of collision.

 

When Kirsty MacColl sang of space hardware, there was simply far less of it as this map of known satellites from the time shows. Compare this comparatively peaceful picture of planetary obstructions with a similar mapping of objects in low earth orbit today and you get a very different result. Whilst in Saturn’s orbit you are guaranteed a solitary orbit, that is far from the truth for Earth.

Space junk orbiting - 2008

Mapping of objects in low, high and geostationary orbits  [Source: NASA]

 

 

 

 

 

The current NASA mapping of objects in low, high and geostationary orbits around the planet shows a cluttered and confused picture. Much of the material is defunct, faulty or debris from satellite launches. In addition are a myriad of weather, military and communications satellites as well as GPS hardware. Finding a safe space to deploy, orbit and operate is becoming increasingly difficult. Trying to negotiate that to undertake a Cassini-like operation over Earth is thought to be highly improbable.

 

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The worlds first orbital crash in 2009

It’s already been a case of this orbit isn’t big enough for the both of us.
In 2009 the Iridium 33 (US Commercial) satellite’s orbit coincided with that of Kosmos 2251 (Soviet Space Agency) and resulted in the first recorded crash between two stable satellites. I dread to think of the paperwork involved in that insurance claim.

 

Whilst it’s true there are bands of orbitting material (low, high and geostationary) this doesn’t help when numbers are being added at the current rate.

Last year (2017) there were just short of 400 launches planned from earth to deploy orbiting material. In 2018 the planned launches already exceed 500 with more than double that planned for 2019. We are rapidly thought to be approaching a tipping point where further orbiting satellites cannot be safely put into orbit. The current model predicts that state being the case in the mid 2030’s.
Thinking of how dependent global communication, global positioning, data transfer, weather forecasting and national security and intelligence have become on satellites, this is a situation many have a vested interest to prevent.
Those are working hard to prevent some of the most catastrophic suggestions, such as that by NASA professor Donald Kessler. He suggests collisions between space debris become increasingly likely as the density of space debris increases in orbit around the earth, and a cascade effect results as each collision in turn creates more debris that can cause further collisions. If that was the case, the planet could lose the ability to deploy or repair existing satellites for most of this century.

So what has this to do with a New England? Well, for me it’s that sense of promise and optimism in a time short of both. Today sees the launch of one more satellite. Coordinated from the University of Surrey this mini cube carries the research and development promise of a way to clean up much of this debris.

This video shows some of the methods that it hopes to pioneer to clear up what we imagine is pristine and vast emptiness but is increasingly just our latest dumping ground.

It’s also encouraging to hear of similar research for autonomous drones to tackle some of the plastic polution in our seas. Unlike Kirsty MacColl, those involved in both projects do want to change the world. To start tidying up something we’ve taken for granted for far too long. I for one wish them great success.

 

 

Happy Christmas from the Streets of London.

Blogging has taken rather a back seat this year as other, sometimes less important but more present things took priority. A situation I hope to resolve in the coming year. Today, in very different ways, I was spurred on to return by an old school friend and a new Australian friend.

There are many great, varied and beautiful cities around the world. I have been fortunate to visit many of them and hope to visit more in the coming years. There are perhaps fewer truly global cities, that somehow feel connected to or part of our humanity. For me, one of those cities is London. Perhaps, one of three or four similar world cities we aspire to visit, imagine living in and at some level feel we have a shared history and connection.

In the past year, I have spent roughly half my time in south London (in what some might suggest is the wrong side of the river) and have seen the place often with new eyes. Much of the time, this happens while walking Taz in the local parks. Today was similar, as I took that time to catch up on social media posts. The first confirmed I had missed out on some prestigious local blogging award (the Morties) – mainly due to the fact my posts had dried up in the middle of last year. The second was from a facebook friend in Australia (Paul) who posted about the potential loneliness many experience at this time.

Whilst it isn’t news that many people find Christmas challenging and as artificial as many Christmas trees, his specific examples gave me pause for thought. I have often wondered if there isn’t a darker side to some Christmas celebrations. Do some people need to know others are enjoying less or are simply excluded in order to enjoy their time more or at all?

Christmas for me has always been a bittersweet occasion. I remember the excitement of being given the bike that replaced one I had outgrown and the magic of my first true white Christmas. Then just prior to Christmas in 1973, my father died and the feel of Christmas from that point on had changed. Some things, no matter how hard a child wishes, cannot be replaced.

One of the few things I can remember from that year was a news programme showing an office block being used by the homeless over Christmas. I’m sure I didn’t understand the importance of this development at the time. This was the birth of Crisis at Christmas and the charity is, regrettably, still going strong forty years later. What so few people appreciate is just how easily we could swap places with any number of those seeking shelter in the Crisis centers.

The video above marries Ralf McTell’s 1960’s original with the Crisis choir (also featuring Annie Lennox) of 2017. Such a beautiful sound and an entirely unremarkable group forming the choir – all homeless and each could very easily replace their photograph with ours.

Returning to Paul’s comments from Australia, I found myself thinking of those who become invisible to others and society in general. Perhaps none more so than those we write off as probably drunk, high, mentally ill or too challenged to cope with the real world.

This year as for the last four, I haven’t sent Christmas cards but have made a donation – to a charity that can make a difference to lives. Although it isn’t my usual charity, this year will I will be supporting the Crisis at Christmas team. May the need for their work be short lived and I for one will try to see the person not their situation just a little more often.
From a warm, dry, happy and safe home, I wish everyone a very Happy Christmas. For those who for whatever reason, cannot enjoy this Christmas as they would like, I hope 2018 brings you what you would wish yourself.

 

 

A flag by any other name?

It has been some time since the NAP has surfaced and even longer since it has gone into print. For the uninitiated here follows a brief history of the NAP.

In 2011 I was talking to a friend (Jo Mitchell) on a minor point of detail about a subject now long forgotten. The detail was important to us but we were far from typical. A passing colleague asked if we were the annual meeting of the NPA? – He then explained this referred to the National Pedants Association.  Not wishing to disappoint we explained it was more correctly known as the National Association for Pedantry and so the NPA was born. A small number of life memberships have since been granted, most notably to my husband and Mr Andrew Tovell of Luga Barooga.

 

union-flag

The United Kingdom flag

This morning, a friend posted a comment on social media relating to the visit of Prince William to Poland. During a walkabout, the national flag was referred to by William as the ‘Union Jack’.

 

The post which spurred me to call an emergency sitting of the NAP included the lines “Prince William greeting Polish children teaching them that they’re holding the ‘Union Jack’, it’s the Union Flag you idiot. We pay you a fortune, at least learn the basics!”.  Immediately I ran for my copies of fun with flags (Sheldon Cooper 2015) and Flags for Dummies (a minor volume of my own currently in progress).

Before going any further, I should declare our respective interests. Tony is, unfortunately, a declared Republican. In contrast, I sit here in my national flag pyjamas, wearing my Jubilee slippers fashioning a 1:50 scale replica of the late Queen Mother crafted from gin labels. Actually, put that difference aside as I don’t think it’s particularly relevant, but is this really just a flag by any other name?

You may think I’m putting the jack back in Jackanory or attempting to wrap myself in a flag of a particular style, I’m not. However, was William incorrect in calling the national flag the Union Jack? Of course whatever I now write is subject to varying opinions but here is one sourced view of the world that suggests not.

 

QAnnebadge

Queen Anne’s heraldic emblem showing the Tudor rose and Scottish thistle growing from the same stem.

As no story today is complete without a nod to Brexit, here’s mine. If you think getting out of an organisation is tough to achieve in two years, read your history. It is nothing, compared to the union of England and Scotland. (Although being a monarchist isn’t necessarily cool and fashionable it does give you some great historical sources from which to draw).

 

When James VI of Scotland acceded to the throne of England in 1603 (James I) the two crowns became united. Job done you might think? Far from it. Over a century later the union of nations was still incomplete only being agreed in 1707 with the Acts of Union (good luck Mssrs Barnier, Juncker, Tusk and Verhofstadt)

It was in this period of instability, where trade, diplomacy and the occasional pillaging still needed to take place, that the first joint flags became evident. The most obvious examples of this were ships passing at sea and needing to know if the vessel ahead was friendly or not.

 

Royal_Navy_Jack_1643

English Naval Jack 1643

The solution was to fly both the flag of England and Scotland on naval vessels. James I gave a Royal decree in 1606 that the ships of the Kingdom of Great Britain “shall bear on their maintops the red cross commonly known as St George’s cross and the white cross commonly called St Andrew’s cross”

 

This is exactly what happened – this example dates from 1643 [Source: National Maritime Museum, National Archives] and shows both national flags of the time side by side. (Note the red cross of St George touching the blue of the Saltire, it’s relevant later).

This was referred to as the Naval Jack – however, so were flags before and after. The term jack referring to any flag flown in a specific part of the rigging for a particular purpose, namely identifying the nationality (akin to modern registration) of a Tudor, Stuart or later vessel.

Jack: “A ship’s flag of smaller size then the ensign, used at sea as a signal, or as a mark of distinction; the small flag which is flown from the jack-staff at the bow of a vessel (formerly at the sprit-sail topmast head) and by which the nationality of a ship is indicated, as in British Jack, Dutch Jack, French Jack” [Source: OED]

However, these jacks were not and could not be flags in their technical heraldic sense. So when flown correctly on a ship it may be a jack, but the instance above could not be a flag. Why? – Well, it comes down to that pesky touching of the red and the blue. In heraldry and on heraldic flags, that’s like french kissing your granny infront of the Queen .. it just can’t happen. No two colours may touch. This led to the white border being added to the cross of St George in later incarnations.

 

Union flag 1606

Union Flag 1606

A solution could have been to adopt the heraldic Union flag of 1606 (note no diagonal red cross). However, that had been ‘knocked together’ rapidly – the equivalent of a couple of pages photoshopping it the evening before the coronation. It was altogether too new and quirky.

 

Apart from that, there was the small matter of a Royal decree which specified something different. Now I don’t know about you but Tudor monarchs weren’t perhaps at the top of the ‘open to suggestion’ listings so why should the new Stuart King be any different? Hardly surprising his decree held sway.

However, with Queen Anne coming to the throne in 1705, the navy was presented with the Union Flag (above) to be flown as the jack (that was on the sprit-sail of vessels). This was what was flow during coronation celebrations. Two years later the Acts of Union were finally passed in both countries.
On 28th July 1707, Queen Ann issued a Royal proclamation that ‘this flag shall be the National flag of Great Britain, for use ashore and afloat’ – So from that point it could be both a flag and a jack.

This led to the belief that it was a flag on land and a jack when flown on vessels. The proclamation referred to ‘this flag’ and that was the Naval Jack becoming the ‘National flag’. Nowhere is Union Jack or Union Flag mentioned. Technically, and deliberately, neither Union Jack or Union flag was adopted by either the Monarch, Parliament or the Navy.

 

ukend

The National Flag of the United Kingdom

 

The navy simply refers to the national flag as ‘The Union’ – the truncation being very deliberate.

Statute, proclamation and naval orders continue to refer to the National Flag.

The Union flag does of course exist but it isn’t this flag. It is the 1606 Union Flag which has no red diagonal cross (representing Ireland) and if you want to start waving that around anytime soon .. good luck in Derry/Londonderry. The Union Jack is similarly wrong although it remains at least colloquially the most common nomenclature for the national flag of the United Kingdom.

So you can certainly say William was wrong – the Union Jack is a convenient fabrication to cover over centuries old fragilities between England, Ireland and Scotland. But, equally so was my esteemed colleague. It is no more the Union Flag than it is the Union Jack … whether flown on land, sea or out of your bedroom window.

Whatever it is, I better make sure all my pictures are in their correct orientation or I’ll be drummed out of the NAP.

Theresa May: Skyfall or Die Another Day?

As UK elections go, the 2017 vote will probably be scrutinised by psephologists more than most. Described as a ‘dead woman walking’ Theresa May is seen by many as a lost cause soon to be replaced. The election itself has been described as cynically opportunistic producing a result that produces a Government with no legitimacy. But is this anything more than froth and bluster whilst the underlying political process does what is should?

It may seem a very long time ago when Theresa May called a snap election although it is barely six weeks. Of course, the whole idea of a snap election ran against the idea of fixed term Parliament’s introduced (with support from members of most parties) by her predecessor, David Cameron.

April May

Stop press: Politician is driven by self-interest?

In that sense, elections other than on fixed 5-year terms should have been a thing of the past.  To vary this would take an exceptional circumstance (for the possibility to be suggested), a vote in Parliament and the agreement of two-thirds of MP’s before any ‘snap’ election could take place.

Like it or not, that’s what happened and MP’s from all parties voted for a snap election on 8th June. Many have complained, (often insincerely in my view) about ‘Tory opportunism’ in calling an election when they thought they could win. They seem surprised any political leader could stoop so low as to put short-term party gain over National interest. The alternative, I presume, would be to call an election when it provides no advantage when you think you can’t win or when it suits your political opponents?

To those complaining about cynical tactics, I would recommend reading Machiavelli’s The Prince as an excellent and timeless introduction to the art of retaining power. Alternatively, Joan River’s cry of ‘Oh grow up!‘ springs to mind.

Do I think those complaining about opportunism have a point? – Yes, but twas ever thus. Do I think it makes sense for politicians to act in that way? – Absolutely, it can do (from their perspective) and has suited all parties dating back to at least the 19th century.  Does it give me grounds for complaint? – Not at all. I may as well complain about the local priest/vicar always rattling on about religion, or a thief’s propensity to steal. – It’s in their nature and to expect something different doesn’t recognise the nature of the beast.

Harold_Wilson_Number_10_official

Harold Wilson (Labour)

Theresa May’s opportunistic (and ultimately losing) bet that her reported lead of 20 percentage points was unassailable, is nothing particularly new.  The Tories have done this before. Many observers cite Margaret Thatcher as taking advantage of her popularity following the Falkland’s conflict to win the general election in 1983.

However, before you rush to label this as typical Tory tactics, consider no lesser a figure that William Gladstone (Liberal). He lost no time in calling an election to take advantage of the increased franchise (and a resulting increase in supporters favouring his party) following the newly passed Reform Act of 1857. So, this behaviour has been going on for over a century and a half.

Similarly,  this month’s election has strong similarities to the snap election of 1966 called by Harold Wilson (Labour). He took advantage of a Tory opposition in disarray with an unproven leader (Edward Heath) perceived at the time as being weak and unelectable. Wilson called an election having seen a possible window to increase his slender working majority (sound familiar at all?). The only difference being that Wilson pulled off the job moving from a majority of 4 to one of 96.

cor-bin

There’s nothing like mature debate…

So, I for one remain unconvinced that this election is any more opportunistic than some of those that have preceeded it. So what of the charge that a government resulting from the election would have no legitimacy?

Of course, terms like democratic legitimacy are bandied about fairly easily, in most cases by one of the more comic like newspapers. Presumably, the legitimacy referred to in those instances is measured by the degree to which it aligns with the political view of the proprietor, editor or reporter. However, there is a widely accepted academic definition.

“Democratic legitimacy is the accepted right to exercise power. Where it has been achieved through a democratic route it is conferred by the people and also through the accepted political framework of the State”

(Source: Legitimacy and Politics – Cambridge University Press)

Using this definition, it seems clear that any viable government resulting from the democratic route of the general election is likely to be accepted by the political frameworks of the State. If that is true, any party or parties able to command the confidence of the House has democratic legitimacy and a mandate.  That doesn’t mean we have to like them, nor does it mean they are necessary ethical, moral or otherwise exemplary parties. However, it does mean the Government formed is not dependent on its political shade or makeup but is legitimate due to the manner of its election and construction.

This definition would support previous coalitions including the Lib-Lab pact of the 1970’s and the Tory-Lib Dem coalition of 2010. Despite his protestations, the one model it wouldn’t support is Jeremy Corbyn’s slightly strange claim last weekend that he could still be Prime Minister. His wish to propose an alternative minority Government and have the House vote on this during the Queens Speech debate falls foul of the accepted political framework of the State. In this case, the incumbent Prime Minister (by Convention) gets first attempt to form a Government that can gain the support of the House.

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Recent satire focuses unfavourably on the para military history of the DUP

The history of British satirical comment has been strong since Hogarth’s sketches of the 1740’s. In recent days, the tone of debate has changed slightly suggesting (in this case) that the Conservatives are not worthy of governing if they rely on the Democratic Unionist Party for confidence and supply.

 

My problem with this position is that the DUP is a lawful and established (if somewhat fundamentalist) political party operating in Northern Ireland.  It is true that the Democratic Unionist Party has a past that has been questionable at times and had links to paramilitary groups. That doesn’t make them unique in the province. Sinn Fein among others have a similar history.
Sinn Fein have been sufficiently rehabilitated to have shared political power with unionist parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly. If that’s acceptable and welcomed (which judging by the assorted peace prize nominations it is) I really don’t see the issue with the DUP in England.

ulster may

Recent alterations to wall ends in Ulster

Some observers feel a UK Government containing one of the Northern Ireland parties is bound to fail as it would remove the impartial position taken by the UK Government since the Good Friday agreement was signed. They hold that issues surrounding border controls and tax avoidance across Non-EU boundaries could even rekindle the troubles and destroy the peace process.

 

What I think this misses is the strongly stated and re-stated positions of all parties within the Island of Ireland that a solution must be found to the border question given its particular relevance to the peace process. Interestingly, a position also held by not only the British and Irish Governments but also the EU itself. Nobody is going to place a border before peace.
Also, there is the small matter of the populations of both communities in Northern Ireland being unwilling to see a return to the violence of the troubles. If it did return, it wouldn’t be because of this issue where community cohesion (on this narrow point) is strong.

To this point, there seems nothing in the arguments put forward to suggest Theresa May’s Government is ‘stillborn’. A more recent claim by the Liberal Democrats that the Prime Minister should be ashamed of carrying on seems utterly bizarre. It seems to completely misunderstand the option of a coalition government. That in itself is strange given the Lib Dems were part of the most recent coalition. The same process of trying to form a grouping that can command the support of the house that brought them to power in 2010 is the same process being criticised by them now.

 

Parl sys

The House of Commons – certainly reflects a two party system.

Some of the comments in the media (social and otherwise) and from politicians gets close to suggesting that the process of building support is somehow ‘grubby’ and unworthy of politics.

 

However, I would support any party in their attempt to form a workable government. It’s not been seen frequently in the UK Parliament but it’s absolutely part of the way the British Parliamentary System evolves, produces a workable government or causes an unworkable government to fail. It’s hard to see how this whole period, however unusual and tense, is anything more than the Parliamentary system doing what it should do.

I may not have bottomless reserves of faith in politicians (of any party) but I have much more faith in a quirky, organically grown, flawed but reliable parliamentary process to produce a result which although we may not agree with it, is workable at least for a while.

For these reasons, I don’t know whether the May Government will survive through a number of years or fall in a matter of weeks. Whatever the outcome, the reason won’t be because of a broken system, I would argue it will be because that system imperfect as it is, constantly tests a Government as being fit for purpose and that will decide the outcome.

I’m reminded of the quote (origin disputed) that ‘we get the Governments we deserve’. Maybe this is a perfect example of just that assertion.

A very British reaction to terrorism

A shorter than usual blog post today. This response to the terrorist incidents in Manchester and London stood out as somehow quintessentially British in its quirkiness and refusal to be worn down.  It also provided a simple way of showing support and carrying on regardless.

cakealong

Cake, along with a cup of tea. Often the British initial response to any crisis

Amid the large and charitable responses is a strange, understated and very British idea. Welcome to the second annual Cake-along.
Organised from a small Wiltshire town, this is a very simple but personal statement that normality must prevail.
Normality, in this case, is taking time out for a piece of cake tomorrow Sunday (11th June).

This may, of course, include the near obligatory cup of tea and ideally, be shared with friends. There is no set location, anyone can take part anywhere around the world. People are being encouraged to aim for 4 pm local. However, the choice to take part is more important than strict adherence to a particular time on Sunday.

The only request is that people think about the importance of retaining the usual pattern of life and not losing it as a result of terror or disproportionate responses to their acts. Everyone taking part is asked to record the moment in a picture which should be sent to cakealong02@gmail.com where they will be used to produce an overall record of the day.

A simple idea but a powerful statement. There is already interest from places far further afield than London where I will be on Sunday. It is interesting to think that people will be taking the time to pause for thought on Sunday, triggered by that very British reaction, a cup of tea and a slice of cake. I’ll make sure I’ve something appropriate.

Is DNA splicing – the biggest breakthrough since antibiotics?

For those of us lucky enough to have been in our late teens or early twenties during the 1980’s nothing can have been more shocking or frankly frightening than the UK government’s AIDS awareness campaigns.  Hard hitting (for the time), the adverts featured funereal images including tombstones, lilies and coffins. All had the stark message, AIDS: Don’t die of ignorance

aids

1980’s Don’t die of ignorance campaign

The messaging within these adverts was equally shocking, making it very clear that this illness was incurable and would lead to death. Little was held back in terms of the danger HIV and AIDS posed to the nation’s health. In short, they were designed to scare the bejeezus out of you and did a very good job of doing just that.

 

For a period of time in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s, the HIV virus was a terrifying spectre hanging over everyone but focused particularly on gay men, sex workers and intravenous drug users. Many of these groups were seen as bringing the disease on themselves by their lifestyles. Funding for HIV research was challenging, having to overcome a ‘worthiness’ barrier among some donors.

It’s hard to describe to those who didn’t live through that period just how all-pervasive the fear of HIV and AIDS became. The ‘gay plague’ as some called it was in the long tradition of killer conditions dating back to consumption (tuberculosis) and the black death. Given this, it’s equally hard for those who experienced this to imagine a time where HIV was eradicated or made harmless to the body it infected. However, that prospect is no longer pure science fiction but is a strong possibility in the not too distant future.

The HIV Virus

The initial treatment regimes for HIV were little more than palliative, with many being highly toxic to the body. The modern era of treatment with the first protease inhibitors being introduced as recently as 1995. This development led to the introduction of increasingly effective combination therapies as the new millennium dawned. Yet despite these significant and life changing improvements, the virus remains present in the patient albeit at very low levels and in reservoir tissues such as bone marrow.  However, for the majority of HIV patients in 2017, a positive status signifies a condition which is usually entirely manageable with medication. In addition, the life expectancy of an HIV+ person on current treatments is virtually identical to that of an uninfected person (all other things being equal).

HIV Entry

HIV cell entry mechanism

In a simplified summary, the HIV virus infects cells by first binding itself to one of the host’s own immune cells (in the case of humans a CD4 cell). This then allows the virus to attach itself to healthy cells unchallenged by the immune system of the host. Ultimately the virus will enter those cells and reproduce releasing further copies of the virus into the body. They in turn bind to a CD4 cell and the cycle continues. The ‘hijacking’ of the host’s CD4 cell means the body sees the infected cell and the virus as being part of the host and the HIV virus is effectively made invisible to the host’s immune system. This mechanism of stripping and stealing host DNA to mask the virus was initially considered so devious, it was often used as evidence that the virus must be man made. It was asserted, nature wouldn’t design something so ‘evil’.

 

However, researchers in both the fields of medicine and nanotechnologies have long been interested in this type of mechanism. Some felt that as an immune cell could be ‘tricked’ into seeing a virus as part of the host, perhaps it could also be ‘tricked’ into seeing them as a virus again. Some even suggested the virus itself may be ‘tricked’ into receiving some form of targetted treatment – the much vaunted ‘silver bullet‘ medication aimed just at the HIV virus. Now, for the first time, this is more than a pipe dream.

DNA1

The dream of targetted gene therapy

Researchers have long hoped to achieve the dream of replacing portions of defective DNA in various types of gene therapy. This would allow treatments to target just target cells without damaging surrounding tissue/structures. It would also hold out the prospect of offering a more general delivery mechanism which could transfer into other areas of medicine. Some years ago, researchers in HIV treatment took the embryonic gene-editing tools of 2012 (byproducts of the Human Genome project) and linked this to the use of enzymes and proteins to ‘target’ specific cells types. This HIV research has now created some remarkable laboratory results.

 

In simple terms. they have developed a technique called CRISPR (pronounced crisper) which splices an enzyme into the DNA of a virus. In turn, this causes the virus to replicate its own RNA. This has the benefit of increasing the visibility of these cells to auto-immune processes without increasing the infective components of the virus. Although these early techniques don’t remove the virus they do take away one of its great strengths – invisibility.

Since 2015 when the possibilities of this approach began to interest the wider research communities there have been many parallel streams of research activity all producing similarly encouraging laboratory trials first in cell studies and more recently in live animal trials.

mice

Studies have been successful in mice

Researchers at the Louis Katz school of medicine and the University of Pittsburgh conducted experiments in which mice were given HIV-1 cells causing acute HIV infection responses. In humans, this equates to the period in which the HIV virus is most infectious. However, when the CRISPR therapy was used on the infected mice, the rate of cell replication fell dramatically, by between 60 and 95%. This was so successful it was classed as a successful genetic inactivation of the HIV-1 virus in living animals.

 

If this success transfers to other species well (early trials on primates suggest similar success rates), this could mean someone infected with HIV could be treated prior to systemic infection has taken place. Even more amazing is the possibility of a person living with HIV having the virus ‘removed’ from the body post infection.

Then, things became even more interesting when combined with advances from what might be considered an unrelated area of science, criminology.  In the late 1990’s a number of criminal cases were detected thanks to improvements in DNA identification techniques. Those techniques took small amounts of DNA and effectively ‘magnified’ them by a form of cellular replication. When researchers at MIT and Harvard employed this technique alongside CRISPR splicing they found they could ‘zoom in’ on traditionally hard to find viruses. The same RNA replication used in DNA magnification meant viruses and cells could be identified and targetted even when levels in the body are remarkably low.

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Other viruses are now in scope of this therapy

We have now reached the point at which viruses which have previously eluded testing start coming within the scope of this technique. The first two to fall in this space are Dengue virus (responsible for Dengue fever) and the Zika virus which has been causing birth defects most recently in South America.

 

When Zika and similar viruses was seen as in the scope of treatment, researchers into some of the more elusive cancers also began to take a strong interest. At present, the research which originated in HIV is providing new treatment possibilities for a range of infectious diseases and increasingly ways to target historically difficult cancers.

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Cancer cells are the next targets

In the same way that proteins and enzymes have allowed medications to enter cells in a targetted way for HIV and potentially Zika, the same method could apply for other conditions.

 

Research in this space is currently underway for the treatment of advanced breast and cervical cancer in women and advanced prostate cancer in men. This could, at last, be the practical delivery mechanism to target specific cells alone. The magic or silver bullet could indeed have been found.

I wonder how many of those who felt the money spent on HIV was somehow less worthy or deserved would still hold those views. I suspect very few if they had known just how many unrelated illnesses could benefit in the long run. It just goes to prove you never know where research will lead and how it will be applied.

Whilst their loss would still be as terrible, the thought that those who lost their lives to HIV/AIDS may have led to research that may defeat Dengue, Zika and potentially many cancers, would perhaps, be some consolation.